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Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted on the matter on an atomic and molecular level, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers. Let’s take a moment to admire the sheer scale of this relatively new science that makes protective nanocoatings for the marine industry possible.
There are 25,400,000 nanometers in an inch and a human hair is approximately 80,000-100,000 nanometers wide.
On a comparative scale, if the diameter of a marble was one nanometer, then the diameter of the Earth would be about one meter.
Nanoscience and nanotechnology involve the ability to see and to control individual atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atoms—the food we eat, the clothes we wear, the buildings and houses we live in, and our own bodies.
But something as small as an atom is impossible to see with the naked eye. In fact, it’s impossible to see with the microscopes typically used in high school science classes. The microscopes needed to see things at the nanoscale were invented relatively recently—about 30 years ago.
Once scientists had the right tools, such as the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), the age of nanotechnology was born.
Today’s scientists and engineers are finding a wide variety of ways to deliberately make materials at the nanoscale to take advantage of their enhanced properties such as higher strength and bonding properties, lighter weight, increased control of light spectrum, and greater chemical reactivity.
Nanoscale materials have far larger surface areas than similar masses of larger-scale materials. As surface area per mass of a material increases, a greater amount of the material can come into contact with surrounding materials, thus affecting reactivity.
The structures and properties of materials can be improved through the nano processes. Such nanomaterials can be stronger, lighter, more durable, water-repellent, anti-reflective, self-cleaning, ultraviolet- or infrared-resistant, antifog, antimicrobial, scratch-resistant, or electrically conductive, among other traits.
Marine Nano Shop is all about adopting this technology to provide avid DIYers with some of the most advanced coatings on the market, specific to the harsh and demanding environments of the Marine Market.